Keith Hall (incorporating Caskieben)
Hall (incorporating Caskieben)
Material Extracted from
of Caskieben, Crimond and Caiesmill
V. Johnson, M.D.
de Johnston, who lived in the reign of king David Bruce, was the first
member of this family. Stephen is said to have been a brother of the laird
of Johnston in Annandale. He was a man of learning who retired to the
north from troubles in his own country and became principal secretary
to Thomas, Earl of Mar. Stephen de Johnston married Margaret, daughter
and heiress of Sir Andrew Garrioch of Caskieben, with whom he received
a considerable estate in Aberdeenshire, including the lands of Caskieben,
Crimond, Cordyce, and others. He also received the lands of Kinbrown,
which he called Johnston after his own name. Caskieben became the chief
title of the family.
de Johnston and Margaret Garrioch had a son named John Johnston of Caskieben,
who succeeded Stephen and who was also proprietor of the lands of Ballindallach.
John married Marjory Lighton, daughter of the laird of Owfan in Angus.
John and Majory had a son named Gilbert de Johnston, who was designated
by the title of Ballindalloch during his father's lifetime.
de Johnston married Elizabeth Vass, daughter of the laird of Meny, and
they had a son Alexander, and three daughters. Gilbert married, for his
second wife, a daughter of Sir Alexander Forbes, the second baron of Pitsligo,
by whom he had a son named William. William received the lands of Ballindalloch
and from him descend the lairds of Crimond.
was succeeded by his eldest son Alexander Johnston of Caskieben, who during
the reign of James II had his lands of Cakieben erected into a free barony,
called Johnston. From this time, the family called themselves Johnston
of that Ilk. Alexander Johnston married Glaister of Glack, by whom he
had four sons. The eldest son, William, was the heir. The second son,
"also called William," married a daughter of John Keith of Auguarsk,
from whom the Johnstons of Cayesmill are descended.
Johnston, eldest son of Gilbert, got a charter under the Great Seal, from
King James IV in 1508. He married Margaret Meldrum of Fyvie, by whom he
had one son, James, and a daughter. William married, for his second wife,
Margaret Lunsdain, daughter of the laird of Conland in Fife. William Johnston
of Caskieben was killed at the Battle of Flodden in 1513.
Johnston's heir, James Johnston of Caskieben, maried Clara Barclay of
Gartlie, and got a charter under the Great Seal from King James V in 1521.
William had three sons and four daughters, and died in 1548. William's
eldest son, also named William, was slain at the Battle of Pinkie in 1547,
during the lifetime of his father. However, William the son had married
Margaret Hay of Dalgaty, and had a son George Johnston, who succeeded
his grandfather James.
Johnston of Caskieben received a charter under the Great Seal from Queen
Mary in 1548. He married Christian Forbes, daughter of the Seventh Lord
Forbes, and had six sons and seven daughters. The first son, John Johnston,
was the heir. The fifth son, Arthur Johnston, weent to Germany for his
education and became a physician and poet, and ultimately became physician
to King Charles I. George Johnston of Caskieben died around 1590, and
was succeeded by his eldest son, John.
Johnston of Caskieben received a charter under the Great Seal in 1587.
He married Janet Turring, daughter of the laird of Foveran, by whom he
had two sons and two daughters. He later married Katherine Lundie, and
had additional children. He was succeeded by his eldest son, George.
George Johnston of Caskieben received a charter under the great seal in
1615, as well as other charters in 1618 and 1628. When he was 23 years
old, Sir George mortgaged all of his properties for a pittance, and when
he could not repay the debt his property passed to Alexander Jaffray in
1633. He married Elizabeth Forbes of Tolquhom, and had three sons and
two daughters. Sir George Johnston was made a Baronet of Nova Scotia in
1626. He also became Sheriff of Aberdeen in 1630. The first Baronet was
succeeded by his eldest son, also named Sir George Johnston, who was the
second Baronet. The second Baronet married a daughter of Leslie of Wardis,
and had a son, John, who became the third Baronet. The castle of Caskieban
was acquired by Sir John Keith in 1662, enlarged and renamed Keith Hall.
John Johnston of Caskieben, third Baronet, was a captain in the army,
and served in Flanders and at the Battle of the Boyne. He was involved
with Captain James Campbell, who forcibly abducted and married a thirteen
year-old heiress named Mary Wharton. Miss Wharton's relative, Lord Wharton,
obtained a proclamation from King William offering a reward for the capture
of Campbell and Johnston. Campbell escaped to Scotland. However, Johnston's
landlord betrayed him for 50 pounds, and he was tried at the Old Bailey
and was executed in December 1690. He was succeeded by his cousin John
Johnston, son of John Johnston of Newplace, second son of the first Baronet.
Johnstone, fourth Baronet married ____ Mitchell, and had one son, who
predeceased him, unmarried, and two daughters. In 1700, the fourth Baronet
changed the name of Newplace to "Caskieben," but he lost the
property to his father's creditors in 1707. Later, he led his followers
in the Jacobite cause, to defeat at the Battle of Sheriffsmuir in 1715.
When the fourth Baronet died without a male heir in 1725, the representation
of the family devolved upon his cousin, William Johnston of Craig.
Johnston, fifth Baronet, lost Craig by bankruptcy. His son, William Johnstone,
sixth Baronet, married Elizabeth Cleland, and lived his life in London.
William Johnston, seventh Baronet, married Mary Bacon and caused the bankruptcy
of his son, Sir William Bacon Johnston, eighth Baronet. Sir William, ninth
Baronet, died unmarried in 1917, and the representation of the family
devolved on collateral descendants from the sixth Baronet.
family of the present representatives of Johnston of Caskieben moved to
Mobile, Alabama, in the United States. Sir Thomas Alexander Johnston of
Caskieben, 13th Baronet, a lawyer in Mobile, was one of the founding members
of Clan Johnston/e in America. His son, Thomas is the current representative.